Have you been wondering if you can turn those concentrates into edibles? Discover everything you need to know about making edibles with cannabis concentrates like shatter, wax, crumble, distillate, FECO, and more, including important notes about safe extraction methods, decarb time and temperatures, and how to incorporate these concentrates into your favorite recipes.

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Article Features

  • What concentrates are and how to use them
  • A helpful chart to know which ones to decarb
  • Want to skip the hard work? Shop with me and have premium, high-quality cannabis products delivered directly to your door! Now shipping across the US.
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Why You Will Love This Guide

While many people like to make their own oil infusions at home to make edibles, one of the easiest ways to make infused foods is with cannabis concentrates. 

Many members of my Well With Cannabis Community agree that they can be the most convenient, easy-to-use, pre-prepared products for cannabis infusions.

Because they are so concentrated, you only need to add a tiny bit to each recipe to get the experience you are looking for. 

And because you only need to add a tiny bit, cannabis concentrates will not disrupt your food’s volume, texture, or flavor.

For this reason, cannabis concentrates are very popular among cannabis home cooks. 

However, there are a few important things to know before diving into the world of cooking with cannabis concentrates.

With so many different products on the market today, ranging from shatter, wax, crumble, distillate, FECO, and more, it is important to know what product you’re working with and how to use it.

This guide will cover all of these extracts, explore whether they need to be decarbed before infusing them into foods and touch on the easiest ways to incorporate them into your favorite cannabis recipes.

What are Concentrates and Extracts?

In today’s growing cannabis market, you can find many products labeled as cannabis concentrates and extracts.

Concentrates and extracts aim to deliver a potent product by isolating the best parts of the cannabis plant, the cannabinoids.

Some of these concentrates and extracts may even be made safely at home.

The range of cannabis products available today is nothing short of astounding, but for a new user, I understand it can definitely be a bit overwhelming, too.

Below, I’ll break down a little more about cannabis concentrates and extracts, what they are, what forms they come in, and if they may be the right cannabis product for you. 

Before we dive in to find out more, it’s important to know that there is a difference between concentrates and extracts.

What Are Concentrates?

Concentrates are a general group of products that contain a concentrated amount of cannabinoids, while extracts are a specific type of concentrate.

Concentrates are just that, a concentration of cannabinoids in a small volume or amount. One example is kief.

Kief comprises the cannabis plant’s resin glands and trichomes, containing much of the plant’s terpenes and cannabinoids.

This means that kief is essentially concentrated cannabis – it’s the most potent part of the plant in terms of cannabinoid concentration. 

If you’ve never worked with kief before, you can get my full guide to decarbing and making edibles with kief here.

What Are Extracts

Extracts use solvents to bring out the most desired substances of the cannabis plant.

Many different solvents can be used to make extracts, but some are safer than others.

I recommend avoiding all extracts made with unsafe solvents such as isopropyl alcohol, naphtha, butane, or other toxic ingredients for health purposes.

The safest and most preferred solvent for making cannabis extracts is high-proof food-grade grain alcohol or ethanol.

In the same way that vanilla extract is made using alcohol as a solvent to bring out a strong vanilla flavor, cannabis extracts use alcohol to isolate the powerful compounds in the cannabis plant. 

Pros and Cons

Before you start using cannabis concentrates, it’s important to understand the pros and cons that you may encounter while using them.

Higher Potency

The first point can be both a positive and a drawback – concentrates are fast-acting and powerful.

This means you only need to use a little to get the desired effect, but it also means it’s easy to go overboard.

These powerful cannabis concentrates are a great option if you’re using the concentrates for certain medical conditions.

Less Cannabis Taste

While some people love the taste of cannabis in their food, others hate it.

For those who are turned off by the taste of the cannabis plant, extracts can be a great alternative.

Most of the plant matter was removed, resulting in a clean, almost negligible taste.

And if your concentrate does have a slight flavor, because you only need to use a little bit, it’s unlikely you will taste it in your final recipe.


But one of the best things about cannabis concentrates is the wide variety of ways they can be used.

You can dab them, vape them, make sublingual supplements, or add them to foods or beverages.

It all depends on your personal preference and preferred consumption method.


The biggest drawback is that sometimes, judging the quality of the product you purchase is difficult.

Because the cannabis industry is relatively new, there are no regulations about concentrate products, so you’ll definitely find that some are of lower quality than others.

This is why it’s so important to always purchase from a reputable vendor that provides third-party testing for their products. 

It is also important to ask the budtender or whoever works at the dispensary which solvents were used to extract the cannabinoids.

Many of these concerns can be alleviated by making your own cannabis concentrates at home.

How to Cook with Cannabis Concentrates Emily Kyle

Types of Cannabis Concentrates

Concentrates and extracts come in a wide variety of forms.

They are usually classified by the product they were made from, how they were made, and the texture of the resulting product.

You’ll likely encounter a few different terms, so it’s important to know what they mean before you make a purchase.

These products can be used in a dab rig, which is usually the most popular form of consumption.

However, they can be used when making edibles also. It might take a bit of experimentation to find which is right for you. 

Each of the terms below refers to the texture and appearance of the concentrates, but each can be made from various strains.

The effects that each produces will often depend on the strain of cannabis used.

Here are a few terms you should know.


FECO, also known as full-extract cannabis oil, is the one concentrate in this list that can be made at home with a few relatively simple processes.

It starts by making an alcohol extract known as a cannabis tincture.

Many people choose either a QWET tincture method or a longer-soak Green Dragon tincture method to start.

The cannabinoids are extracted from the plant and suspended in the alcohol.

The alcohol is then safely evaporated off, leaving behind a concentrated black, sticky oil-like substance known as FECO.

You may also see FECO available at your local dispensary.

FECO is often used as a sublingual product or in edibles, but it is not recommended to smoke or vape FECO.


One important thing to note is that many people confuse FECO with RSO – also known as Rick Simpson Oil, or use the terms interchangeably.

Even more frustrating, many dispensaries falsely label their FECO products as RSO.

Both FECO and RSO have the same final characteristics and appear very dark, thick, and sticky consistency upon successful completion, and both utilize alcohol as the solvent for extraction. 

The main difference between FECO and RSO is the type of alcohol used for the extraction. 

FECO utilizes high-proof food-grade grain alcohol, or ethanol, a much safer solvent than the isopropyl alcohol used in the RSO method.

The final outcomes are similar, but isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol, like the kind you would find in your medicine cabinet) is not safe to ingest. 

I do not recommend the RSO extraction method and urge you to talk to your budtender or dispensary manager to clarify which solvent was used to produce the final product.


Cannabis distillate is a potent oil extract that contains none of the undesired compounds in the cannabis plant.

It can be up to 99% pure, which means it’s one of the most powerful extracts available. 

It appears a golden liquid with very little taste or smell.

Distillates are made through a process called molecular distillation, however, there are many different methods used to get to the final product.

Distillates also go through many refinement processes to help remove all of the unwanted plant matter, leaving behind a highly refined cannabis oil.

During the refinement process, the distillate is usually decarbed, meaning that it is ready to use in cannabis edible as-is, and does not need to undergo a further decarboxylation process.

This is just one reason it is one of the most preferred concentrates on the market today.


Shatter is an extract that’s usually brittle and glass-like, varying from translucent golden to amber-colored. 

While it is most often used as a dab, or to inhale or vaporize, shatter can be decarbed and used in edibles.


Wax is an extract that’s softer and more pliable than shatter but has a similar appearance. 

While it is most often used as a dab, or to inhale or vaporize, wax can be decarbed and used in edibles.


Badder and budder are extracts that are softer in texture than shatter and wax, roughly the texture of a stick of butter or cake batter, and comes in shades of bright yellow and orange. 

While it is most often used as a dab, or to inhale or vaporize, it can be decarbed and used in edibles.


Crumble is an extract that looks similar to badder/butter, but is drier and more crumbly, as the name suggests.

While it is most often used as a dab, or to inhale or vaporize, it can be decarbed and used in edibles. 

Hash (Bubble Hash)

Unlike most of the items on this list, bubble hash isn’t an extract.

It’s made by heating up and pressing the resin glands of the cannabis plant.

This crystalline substance melts easily under heat and pressure and forms into a solid that can be used in a dab rig or in cannabis edibles. 


The difference between these two concentrates is that resin is an extract, while rosin is a concentrate. 

Rosin is the oil expelled from freshly squeezed cannabis plants.

It does not utilize any solvents, rather it relys on heat and pressure to extract the cannabinoids from the plant.

Live rosin is often made as a result of making bubble hash.

Live Resin

Live resin is a cannabis concentrate that is made similarly to rosin, but involves the use of solvents.

Like rosin, resin extraction is usually done with fresh, frozen plant matter.

A frozen solvent is then used to extract the cannabis compounds and create the concentrate.

What Concentrates Need to Be Decarbed for Edibles

If you’re a new cannabis edible consumer, you may not know that eating certain cannabis concentrates without decarbing them first will provide little to no intoxicating effect at all.

This is because raw cannabis flower contains cannabinoid acids, non-intoxicating substances that can convert into the psychoactive substances tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) or cannabinol (CBD) through the process of decarboxylation 1

For making cannabis edibles, most people prefer their concentrates to be decarboxylated into the active forms of THC and CBD.

Ultimately, not all concentrates need to be decarbed before use, some have already been decarbed during the production process.

Use this chart below to determine whether your cannabis concentrate needs to be decarbed prior to using it to make edibles.

Concentrate Chart for Edibles

How to Incorporate Concentrates into Recipes

By now, I hope you have a good understanding of the different types of cannabis concentrates on the market today.

I want you to feel confident knowing that concentrates need to be decarbed, and how to decarb them at home.

From here, adding your concentrate to just about any recipe you want is really easy.

First, you need to decide how much you want to add based on your personal tolerance and preferences.

Then, incorporate the concentrate into a liquid portion of the recipe, a fat, if possible.

This will help more evenly distribute the concentrate through the whole recipe, ensuring there are no clumps that could cause higher dosages in certain spots.

For example, if you want to use your cannabis concentrates to bake, gently warm the concentrate and mix it into a little butter or oil.

This will keep the concentrate dispersed throughout the whole recipe.

If your concentrate is hard to work with, gently warm it over the stove or oven until it is liquid enough to mix in.

Never use a microwave to heat a concentrate, as you run the risk of potentially destroying your cannabinoids.

A picture of cannabis concentrates.

How to Decarb Cannabis Concentrates

4.91 from 11 votes
Discover the easiest way to decarb cannabis concentrates like shatter, wax, dabs, oils and more.

What You Need  

  • 1 mL cannabis concentrates


  • Preheat the oven to 240°F.
  • Put the concentrate that needs to be decarbed put into an oven-safe container. A small silicone container like this works great. Do not cover.
  • Place the oven-safe container on a baking sheet and place in the oven. Bake at 240°F for 25-30 minutes (for THC) or until it stops bubbling. 
  • Remove from the oven and allow to cool if desired, or mix directly into butter, oil, or any other fat in a recipe.


Check the Concentrate Chart above to confirm your concentrate needs to be decarbed. Concentrates like distillate and FECO do not need to be decarbed.
Do you have a question or need help?Join hundreds of members inside private Well With Cannabis Community for help, support, and to share your edible creations!

About Emily

Hi, I’m Emily Kyle and I teach people just like you how to use cannabis to find joy, enhance productivity, improve relationships, and naturally support your overall health and wellness.

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Recipe Rating


  1. 5 stars
    Thank you, I needed answers and she makes everything easy to understand.
    Even the dispensaries are not as easily understood, they don’t have the time or patience to explain in layman terms.

  2. Hi Evelyn. Unfortunately, most dispensaries are glorified retail shops. There isn’t much training or experience required which is unfortunate because so many people use cannabis medicinally and don’t have many options to turn to for help finding products for them. We’re so glad you were able to find the answers you needed with ease! Feel free to reach out anytime with questions or concerns.

  3. I’m interested in your services. Autoimmune disease has me in constant pain and I’m looking for pain relief, energy and focus.


  4. Hi Linda. We are so sorry to hear of your struggles, but hopefully cannabis can help you find relief. Here are a couple of guides to help get you started on your journey.
    How to Use Cannabis for Autoimmune Disorders
    5-Minute Natural Remedies for Stomach Aches & Pains
    Well With Cannabis Community

    We don’t offer coaching services through Emily Kyle Nutrition, but if you’re interested in personalized cannabis coaching, I may be able to help you. Check out my CannaInsight Consultation package and schedule a discovery call if it feels good to you.

    Sending you love, light and healing vibes Linda.

  5. Absolutely, Anthony, you can mix decarboxylated diamond or badder right into your melting chocolate! This is a great way to infuse your chocolate with a little extra magic. Just ensure that your concentrate is fully decarboxylated to activate all those beneficial compounds, and stir well to ensure an even distribution throughout the chocolate. Happy chocolate making! 🍫

  6. 5 stars
    Can I use decarbed badder in a sucker recipe ? Gummy recipe? Do I add it straight in like I do my freezer tincture. Thanks for the help ☺️
    Your information has helped me so much in this journey of learning and making edibles! Thanks so much

  7. Hello Heather Jean, I’m so happy to hear that my content has been helpful on your edibles journey 🍬🌿 To answer your question, absolutely! 😊 Decarbed badder can be a great addition to sucker or gummy recipes. You can add it just like you would your freezer tincture. Thank you for your kind words and happy cooking!

  8. Hi Emily! I got so excited about making feco I poured the alcohol (everclear) over the flower before decarbing. But it sounds like I might be able to save it. I just bought the silicone baking jar for cooking it. Will this be feco I can use Sublingually?
    Thank you!!!!!

  9. Hi Janette! Pouring alcohol over the flower before decarbing is a common mistake, but you’re in luck because it’s possible to salvage the situation. To safely decarb your FECO for the desired activated effects, you’ll need to carefully evaporate the alcohol completely. Once you’re left with just the FECO, you can proceed to decarb using your silicone baking jar at 240ºF for 25-30 minutes or until it stops bubbling. Just ensure you follow safety guidelines closely when evaporating the alcohol, as it can be quite flammable. Good luck, and enjoy your homemade FECO!